Vygotsky speaks about the Zone of Proximal Development as a place where a person learns because of the struggle. Strong learning environments are safe places to struggle where the teacher poses problems and then facilitates rather than directs the learning. There is a misconception in education that if I make the work easier, more students will learn. Stripping the rigor out of the lesson completely removes the opportunities to learn.
The goal of every classroom at every level (kindergarten to graduate school and beyond) must be to create independent student readers, mathematicians, scientists, debaters, writers, orators, etc. ... This is accomplished by posing a challenge and supporting them with the challenge while maintaining the challenge; direct instruction does not create learners.
Don't Prevent Students' Mistakes, Prepare for Them
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